The first question to ask is, perhaps, What is a webcomic? The easiest answer is, of course, a comic on the web, but that’s not exactly it. This is a comic on the internet, but it is one written and produced for newspaper publication and merely archived online, so it’s not a webcomic in the strictest sense of the word, which is the sense I’ll be using in my exploration of the medium. A webcomic is then defined as a comic produced for and first published on the web. Therefore, this is not a webcomic, but this is.
One of the first things that could be defined as a webcomic (T.H.E. Fox) was started in 1986, and Where the Buffalo Roam began in 1991 and Doctor Fun in ’93. If you’ll remember from “The World-Wide Web” article we read, these early webcomics coincide with the early days of the web itself, showing that for about as long as there has been the web, there have been webcomics. Early webcomics are relatively basic and similar to printed comics, but as the internet and computers advanced, however, the possibilities for webcomics advanced as well. Whether or not these possibilities are being utilized to their fullest potential is another story, though.
If, as McLuhan said, the medium is the message, then what are these possibilities for webcomics that other comics don’t have? To boil it down to the simplest answer, webcomics have the “infinite canvas.” This is a theory of Scott McCloud’s that basically states that a webcomic is not bound by the restrictions of page dimensions, and can therefore extend as far and wide as you want. Theoretically, according to McCloud, you could have entire graphic novels existing on a single page. Hence “infinite canvas.” What if, however, you take that idea to the next level? If you think of this as not just no limit to the page size but also no more having to turn sheets of paper sequentially to get the story, then the possibilities are suddenly seeming limitless. When I Am King comes closest of everything I’ve found to trying to achieve an infinite canvas effect, which has the downside of also being kind of creepy at times. Alternately, Scott McCloud’s Carl webcomic plays with the idea of sequence. (You all might remember a version of this from the Time Frames chapter we read.) Here, then, is The Right Number, McCloud’s alternative to conventional “page turning.” It’s a little distracting, though, and it begs the question: What is added by these “novelty” approaches? I mentioned the medium being the message, and I’m fairly certain that in these cases, the stories come second to the experimentations with the webcomic medium that they represent. As a whole, I think these innovations should somehow enhance the story or contribute to its theme, since such an emphasis is suddenly placed on the format (the zooming, the scrolling, the non-sequential addition of panels).
When it came to diving into the wide, wide world of webcomics, I started by looking at sites like this, which provides seeming endless lists of what was out there, but did little to gauge whether or not the things they listed were any good. That’s when everything that class members tagged on del.icio.us started to come in handy. I combined the webcomics you tagged with the recommendations I gathered from the maybe twenty or more friends/acquaintences/younger brother/younger brother’s high school friends that I polled for their favorite webcomics. It was then that I was able to get a better sense of the sorts of things that made a successful webcomic, if, by successful, I mean “one that people read.” From this, I sort of gauged which ones were recommended the most. After looking through probably forty or fifty different webcomics, however, I found a certain number of things I could sort of sum up as typical themes–Namely, the internet, technology, pop culture, gaming/sci-fi/fantasy, and other variants and strains of geekdom. (Which I really can’t poke fun at; I’m a geek myself.) I suppose that this might be because the sorts of people who typically start a webcomic are more likely to be people already involved in internet culture and other aspects of New Media.
The typically New-Media-skewed subject matter brought to mind Turkle’s “Video Games and Computer Holding Power,” where she talks of existing in and losing oneself to a simulated world in video games. Most immediately, I made the connection between this essay and webcomics when I learned about sprites while doing my research. They are, essentially, webcomics where the characters are images taken from video games, sometimes with colors altered, but often looking just as they appear on the screen. The first of these is said to be Neglected Mario Characters, and the first really popular one was Bob and George. I personally feel that the creative possibilities for these, both visually and otherwise are limited, but I find it interesting to see how the simulated world of video games that Turkle writes about is extended here, where the creator can essentially “play God” in an existing world, where the rules of play are suddenly much more flexible. The results, however, are still directed at people who are fans of the video game world from which they originate. Taking this a step farther, however, one can start to apply Turkle’s idea of alternate world and identity to other webcomics. For instance, the writer-artist of Toothpaste for Dinner often uses his strip to vent his own thoughts. (Or poke fun at himself.) Meanwhile, the two main characters in Penny Arcade (interestingly the webcomic that the most people recommended to me) can relatively easily be seen as avatars of their creators. On the flip side, the protagonist of Planet Karen is the creator, and the strips are recaps of her actual daily life. (Or so she says.)
From here, there are so many other things in my findings I want to discuss, from the evolution in art from a webcomic’s first strip to its most recent (for instance: the start and end of Planet Karen and the start and end of Penny Arcade), the utilization of “free speech” on the internet (there’s more swearing, violence, and sex in webcomics than, say, a Green Lantern comic book, even if the basis subject matter is more or less the same), and the transition many webcomics are making (or trying to make) from internet to printed book. I will, however, move on to the final project part of my final project.
Clearly, the cumulative result of my work on this project was creating my own webcomic, which I titled Tilting at Windmills, because, honestly, that reflects how I felt throughout much of the process. I toyed with the idea of the infinite canvas but ultimately went with the more traditional format, mostly because I don’t yet have the coding skills to have panels zoom or go on forever. In fact, until this project, I was more or less computer-illiterate. I could essentially surf the internet and use a word processor. Creating a webcomic, then, forced me to learn how to use an FTP client (to a certain extent), how to do a limited amount of html coding, and the pros and cons of various venues of free webhosting.
Firstly, I spent awhile fooling with ideas for a webcomic, most of which never made it to paper. I decided against doing any one-shot humor strips, because I’m afraid I won’t be funny, and then played around with a bunch of running storyline ideas, including one that resulted in me drawing this. (And then questioning my sanity.) I then decided on a sort of combination high-school-and-superhero story, which, while admittedly not original, was something I was fairly certain I could do. At the same time, I knew I’d fall into the traps of pop culture references, geekery, and poking fun at myself. (All of which I did by the third strip, which is the one currently on the front page of my site, where I make fun of my own extreme liking for Doctor Who.)
First, I tried drawing a strip in colored pencil, which not only ended up about an inch-and-a-half too long for my scanner, but also was too difficult to do cleanly and consistently to make it a good medium for my webcomic. I decided, therefore, on inking very simple artwork and coloring it in Photoshop, which wasn’t really something I had ever done before. (I scanned some random doodle in and colored it as an experiment first, before starting my actual webcomic.) About halfway through being Photoshopped, a page of my webcomic looks something like this.
Then came the issue of webhosting the comic. Currently, I have it hosted on two different sites, because I was trying out the pros and cons of each. The first one is on freesitespace.net, a free webhosting service that has been around for a month or so. The nice thing about the site I have there is that I figured out how to add an “About & FAQ” section, which is sort of nice but sort of pointless, as nobody’s asked me anything yet, so I had to make some questions up. I also have an external links page there, which I rather like, but again, is rather pointless. The problem, however, is that it’s not a hosting site designed for webcomics, so editing it to serve my purposes was really awkward and still unsatisfactory and unwieldy. It also won’t let me edit the coding for the basic page manually, although I can edit (and gloriously mangle) all of the sub-pages.
The other site I’m hosting my webcomic on at the moment is comicgenesis.com, which while having the most painfully recursive sign-up process imaginable, is still more amiable to webcomic hosting. (Hence the site’s name.) The only real problem I have with my webcomic site here is the advertising, but that’s not too bad. It was on this one that I got to build my site more or less to my liking using an FTP client. (Yes, I actually–more or less–know how to use that now. I am ridiculously impressed with myself.) To be fair, I did make some epically unpleasant errors while working my way through; for instance, I had my strips running in reverse order for awhile and then had the second one about five times. Now, however, it’s doing more or less what I’m telling it to.
In conclusion, I mostly just want to say that I learned how to do far more with New Media in this project than I imagined I ever would when I first started and I’m really looking forward to improving my webcomic site and continuing it.
And, of course, I’ll be happy to answer any questions and elaborate on anything I’ve talked about.Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comments (6)
Just wanted to congratulate (albeit a bit late) those who presented last Thursday–I found all of your findings very interesting!
I’d never heard ning.com, so I was impressed with the way you created a network and got so many members. I’ve never been much for social networking sites, so hearing about them in general was kind of interesting, because I’d never really thought about them and their potential uses before. Similarly, the presentation on Gaia was interesting, because it seemed almost like a social-network-meets-Second-Life thing, which seems to open up all sorts of interesting possibilities. Then I wondered about where in such a venue you draw the line between the actual you and the created/avatar/whatever you . . . Maybe I’m still not sure how all that works.
Finale was especially intriguing to me, as someone who’s pretty much resigned herself to never writing a song. This program, however, made me think that maybe I could. Not a very good song, probably, but, hey, I can read music, I can tell whether or not I like how something sounds, and if I can simulate various instruments, I no longer face the issue of “I can’t play the oboe/violin/guitar/etc.” I wonder now how many people have been able to tinker with the program to produce passably listen-to-able little ditties that they otherwise would probably not have. (Or even actual, good, full-out pieces.) Since you can compose a piece that no human can possibly play, is there then the danger that computers will someday eclipse human musicians? Or are more humanly-possible pieces also easier to listen to, as well as play? When you look at how much music has evolved and branched out in the last century alone . . .
Anyway, those are just some notes for now.
Good luck to everyone going tomorrow! (Or, technically, later today. In less than six hours, actually. Which means I should get some sleep.)Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comments Off on Random Notes
Let’s see if I can post this before my internet goes out again . . .
Most of this is the stuff that I’m still untangling in my head, but–
I was thinking about webcomics in relation to the creation/escapism into alternate identities that we were talking about with the Turkel essay on video games, and putting aside the traditional argument of comics as escapist literature, I was wondering if webcomics might be even more so, while in a way being less so. Since the writer/artist has more total control than they would in other publishing outlets, they can be said to be playing god to their comic in some sense, and some definitely use it to make their own identities “worth reading about,” so to speak, such as Karen Ellis in her webcomic, “Planet Karen.” And a certain amount of that sorta happens in “Toothpaste for Dinner” on a fairly regular basis. So is illustrating a version of yourself for internet publication the same as escaping into an identity, even if that identity is you? At least, the version of you that you choose to print. And then what can you say about webcomics that feature a single long-running protagonist? Can you suspect the writer(s) of escaping into that identity? But if you can, what kind of guys would want to escape into the identity of Dr. McNinja?
And . . . Um, maybe that’s all for now, because the internet is being wonky again.Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comment (1)
I’m not sure why I’m blogging so late at night, so I apologize for any incoherence. (Actually, it’s because I’ve been busy knitting a skirt out of plastic bags. Which, yes, is for an actual grade in an actual class.)
Anyway, I was (as some others have done) going to talk a bit about how I feel about video games. Or how I felt, and then ended up questioning that feeling after the reading.
I really have never been much of a video game person, honestly. My favorite video game is eighteen-wheeler truck racing. I’ve never gotten farther than level two on anything. So, clearly, not a huge gamer. And since I grew up in a house that didn’t have them until my brother bought a Gamecube a few years ago, I grew up feeling that there were so many more interesting things to do with your time. Like others in our class, I advocate going outside, interacting on a non-virtual level, etc, etc, but then the reading gave me the idea of video games as, well, interactive literature, to simplify and summarize. And now what am I supposed to think? I advocate interaction. I advocate losing yourself in a book. Or a movie, because, honestly, I can lose myself in “Casablanca” every time I watch it, as cliched as that may sound. So how can I really argue against losing yourself in an interactive film?
Maybe it’s the high-score, beat-the-level aspect, which triggers an addictive/competitive thing that still makes me a bit leery. Maybe it’s the fact that a game takes so much longer than a movie. Maybe it’s the kids who lose sleep or the people who shell out large amounts of money the second a new game or a new system comes out.
Or maybe it’s just sour grapes, because, after all, I’m the person who can never get past the second level.Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comments Off on [insert witty subject line about video games]
Forgot to say in my blog earlier: Throughout the short story, I was really banking on the twist ending that the Kimonians are actually humans and that that was what Bishop and the others were going to become, so when he was talking about school and advancing, I thought, Aha! I was right! He’s going to educate himself and develop slowly into a very tall beautiful smart thing! No go, though. And maybe that’s just the self-centered humanness in me talking, always instinctively wanting to make us the best and most important and the center of everything.
Or: “I am the core and center of my universe” is a fair statement for anybody. Which is probably slightly misquoted, but it’s from Theodore Sturgeon‘s novella, The [Widget], the [Wadget], and Boff, which “Immigrant” kind of reminded me of. Sort of. In a very roundabout, only tenuously related way. In the novella, there are a couple aliens studying Synapse Beta Sub-Sixteen (I’m surprised I remember that!), which is . . . hard to describe. Reflex, kind of. Social impulse? Subconscious hive-mind? Okay, let me go to Google for this one: Synapse Beta Sub Sixteen is akin to a social inner-ear, a “reflex of reflexes,” allowing an individual to “reflexively adjust when imbalanced in his sociocultural matrix.” This synapse allows for cultures to evolve as a single unity, to, at times of great crisis, rise up and overcome – without this synapse, no culture stands a chance at prolonged survival.
And they find out we don’t, as a whole, have it. Unless, er, you set our house on fire. In which case we Synapse Beta like mad. Anyway, the point is, since we don’t use it, we’re prone to selfishness/violence/greed/et cetera. So as I read “Immigrant,” I remember thinking that (if we could pretend that both the story and novella existed in the same sci-fi realm) perhaps the Kimonians just had buckets and buckets of Synapse Beta Sub-Sixteen, which would explain their society. Because, honestly, even if the entire human race was incredibly intelligent and telepathic, we wouldn’t have the peaceful, money-free, for-the-greater-good* society that they have. We would still probably be greedy, shifty, and aggressive, because, well, we’d still be human. The Kimonians must possess some secret Ingredient X that negates all those petty, self-serving ambitions. Because in all our centuries of human advancement, we still haven’t managed to shake those. We’ve just gotten more sophisticated at executing them.
*I don’t think I can use the phrase “the greater good” without thinking of Hot Fuzz. Ah well.Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comments Off on Just a Few Random Notes
I’ve got to say, by the end of the story, I wasn’t sure what to think of the Kimonians’ intent. Which one of Bishop’s perceptions of his fate was correct? Were any of them? By the end of the reading, I was getting this sort of weird, paranoid feeling about the whole thing . . .
Can Bishop actually progress past the kindergarten level he’s at now? Can a human brain actually go that far? Or will it explode? And if he can, what’s in store for him on Kimon? What life are they planning for those who “make the grade?”
To totally switch gears, I strangely found the cabinet to be my favorite character. I wanted to trust it, but was afraid to. Which I guess is a level of personifying technology that one doesn’t ordinarily see outside of robots in films. But as we’ve read in class, computers can be friendly and personal. (Or in Google’s case, pretend to be.) I think it was the level of interaction the cabinet had with Bishop, however, that truly made it seem like a character rather than furniture or just a machine. Maybe I liked it more because it didn’t look like a person, so there was none of that pretending-to-be-something-you’re-not Uncanny Valley stuff to deal with.
Most of all, I’ve got to say that I really don’t want the blanket statements made in the story about the human race to be true. I want to think we can put information and progress before pride.
And now, to change topics entirely, my final projects on webcomics seems to be going fairly well. (Thank you to everyone who’s bookmarked their favorites on del.icio.us–I’ve been fairly successful tracking down the really early webcomics from the ’90’s, but now in ’00’s, there’s been such an explosion that it’s harder to sift through. Still, I’ve turned up some interesting stuff, I think.) One of the problems, though, is the lack of real concrete information/writing on the form. There’s a lot on comics in general, but I haven’t really found any good articles or anything on specifically webcomics. I’m using some of the more general info on the comic form, but I really hope I can find some on specifically webcomics or comics and new media.Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comments Off on Reading for 4/1/08 and Some Final Project Stuff
Universal education through schooling is not feasible. It would be no more feasible if it were attempted by means of alternative institutions built on the style of present schools.
All right, I realize that this is in the beginning of the introduction, but it’s the statement that really stuck with me. Because if it’s not feasible, does this mean that all schools in all of history have been going about it wrong? If so, and if we’ve managed to develop rather well as a society anyway, does this mean that we’re dependent on those break-the-mold individuals to carry society forward? And I realize that this is kind of starting to delve into the irrelevant and hypothetical, but it was something I was thinking about after this pair of sentences stuck into my mind. As for the second sentence, the idea of new education modeled after old methods triggered a huge train of thought more or less powered by the fact that I’m currently re-reading Ayn Rand’s The Fountainhead. (Admittedly mostly to see if I’ll hate the character of Ellsworth Toohey less this time around. Thus far, it doesn’t seem likely.) Anyway, the novel, in its discussion of architecture, talks about how a building shouldn’t have to steal/adapt from previous styles but should instead be its own thing. Is education supposed to be like that, then? In order to make the best thing ever, are we supposed to ignore every similar thing that came before? I guess that when it comes to education, we aren’t trying to build a better mousetrap but an entirely new mousetrap that has nothing to do with the less-better mousetraps that came before.
Even if they attend equal schools and begin at the same age, poor children lack most of the educational opportunities which are casually available to the middle-class child. These advantages range from conversation and books in the home to vacation travel and a different sense of oneself, and apply, for the child who enjoys them, both in and out of school.
Essentially, then, education is not only the school system, but school in combination with every other aspect of the student’s life. So it’s not just school that needs to be revamped, but all of society . . . So do we have to fix society before we fix education? And, really, when he writes of all the different systems of education in different countries–where three years is basic in Mexico, and school can depend on socioeconomic class, et cetera–it makes me wonder if there really is superior way of handling education or if the whole world is ostensibly muddling it, albeit in different ways.
In a totally unrelated note, I remembered the password to the Twitter page I started about a year ago and promptly abandoned. Maybe I’ll actually start using it again: http://twitter.com/theo_winterwoodFiled under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comments Off on Reading for 3/25/08 (We don’t need no . . .)
Someone in class yesterday said that you can do anything in a video game, which I’m not sure I agree with. I feel that there are a lot of video games in which you can do a lot, but the sky is never really the limit. When I’m home on breaks, I’ve played my brother’s Lord of the Rings video game (I don’t know which it is—Fellowship, I think), and while I (or, rather, Gimli as controlled by me) can do a lot of really great running-jumping-climbing-fighting stuff, he cannot stop and have a snack. Or uproot the shrubberies and pull a Birnam-Wood-to-Dunsinane and disguise himself as a very short forest. Or . . . Well, you get the idea. And this has always been my main complaint with video games, that I can’t do whatever I want. But then again, if I could, would it be a game or just an alternate life? A game, as a rule, has to have rules . . . Right?
I keep thinking of the film/play Sleuth and wondering what the real definition of a game is. (I can’t really say what the film is about without giving its surprises away, but I definitely recommend it. The Laurence Olivier/Michael Caine version, not the Michael Caine/Jude Law version. It has a lot to say about games, game-playing, and the definitions of those words.) How far can you push the boundaries of a game before it’s no longer a game?Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comment (1)
So I typed this up after Thursday’s class in Word while my internet was down and then kind of forgot to post it when the internet came back:
A lot of what McCloud writes about is very interesting to me, because a lot of it was things that I guess I subconsciously knew about (or felt that I should), but had never really considered. I’ve read quite a few comic books over the years, so I felt while reading McCloud that I should have thought of these things before, but at the same time, I can’t imagine how I would have thought of most of that. In fact, I started going through my comic book collection in my dorm room, looking for instances of timeless space, of frames that clearly showed only an instant, of frames that showed more than one instant (where the speech comes before action, in this case), and of frame size influencing perception of time.* And here, on the last page of The Killing Joke (a Batman comic), you can say that the first eight define specific moments or periods in time, while the last suddenly becomes that timeless space, despite remaining the same size/shape/etc as the others.
And now, of course, this leads me to look at the use of art in comics and want to explore how much the story is dependent on the art. Well, clearly the visual conveys important information, but why a comic book instead of a normal book? Why is this more effective than a written description? Is it?
Suddenly, I find the word “comic” kind of funny—Er, no pun intended. Because it means “funny,” yet a good amount of what can be described as a “comic book,” well, isn’t. Then again, this is. To me, anyway. I guess I should draw the line between comic books and graphic novels, but I figure that’s been done. (As far as I’m concerned, the difference between the two is in no way dependent on subject matter, which is the thing that’s more important to me.)
But there’s a sort of rule, I think, in how much time a frame is allowed to cover. Conventionally, at least. It seems that there’s usually a line or two of dialogue or an action that immediately precedes another line of dialogue or action. The two have to come right together for it to “read correctly.” If there are about twenty minutes between the two, you might get this.** And that doesn’t make sense.
And on an ending note, I wanted to find a reason to link to this but I couldn’t. (And that’s terrible. )
*In this case, the use of long horizontal panels works in the same way as the wider panel of the pausing guy in McCloud’s example.
**I drew that. I felt I had to.Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comments Off on In Which I Talk Some More About McCloud and Offer Some Pictures
Now that my internet seems to be working, I can post my blog:
Today’s reading once again brought in the question of education and computers. Papert argues that, essentially, with the use of computers, children will become active, rather than passive learners. Of course, they have to be the ones programming, because otherwise, teachers are just using computers as essentially another form of formulaic worksheet or exercise. (Does anyone remember “Green Globs” from high school or middle school? That was essentially a graphing equations worksheet, but with, er . . . green globs.)
My feelings toward what could be called such self-guided education are still mixed, because while I feel that the freedom of being able to develop and program and improve your own knowledge through education is very important, I also understand the difficulty that the education system has in giving children too much freedom in dealing with their own education. The system wants to make sure that kids know what they think kids should know, and therein, perhaps, lies the difficulty. (It could be argued that Papert’s propositions raise many of the same questions as the movie Accepted, albeit without Lewis Black.) How do you give kids freedom and still make sure that they learn enough and learn the right things? What’s more important, learning to be a free, independent problem-solver or learning all the Presidents of the United States? (Although, for the latter, Jonathan Coulton has written a very handy song that you can hear here that far surpasses any of the worksheets I did in school.)
I was intrigued when Papert wrote that the subjects in the LOGO computer were “embedded in a way that permits the player to learn them in a natural fashion, analogous to how a child learns to speak.” This phrase struck me because it seems to imply that more difficult subjects can be easily mastered if taught in said “natural fashion.” Does this mean that the reason so many young people (using that phrase makes me feel so old) struggle academically is simply that the subjects are taught in an unnatural fashion? Papert’s LOGO, then, seems sort of ironic, because it suggests that a computer is the more natural approach.
And now, to suddenly revert to something we read some weeks ago, I was thinking about Computer Lib/Dream Machines again. More specifically, I was thinking about the high level of hand-lettered, hand-doodled content that was integral to the work. I assume that the intention was to give it a more hand-crafted, informal, whimsical appearance, but if that’s the case, it leads to the conclusion that the analog/hand-created is more approachable and friendly than the digital/computer-created, which seems counter-productive to the basic intent.
EDIT: Erm, my blog posts all seem to be showing up on this class’s mainpage. Which doesn’t seem right.Filed under umw_nms_s08 | Tags: umw_nms_s08 | Comment (1)